The role of TVET in fostering inclusive growth at the local level in Southeast Asia

Working Paper 2018/01

04.01.2019 by SEA-VET Content


OECD Local Economic and Employment Development

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The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of TVETT for fostering inclusive growth at the local level in the ASEAN region. It draws on interesting empirical evidence that shows that TVET could be a powerful tool for addressing multiple developmental challenges and fostering inclusive growth at the local level in the ASEAN region

The first section provides a brief overview of the main developmental challenges in the ASEAN region that have resulted in growing inequalities in wealth distribution. The second and third sections review evidence from developed as well as developing countries regarding TVET’s impact on employment and wages (Section 2), as well as on poverty, inequality and social exclusion (Section 3). Section 4 summarises the key findings and highlights lessons learned for the ASEAN region. Suggested areas for future research and analysis include:

  • Analysis of the potential costs and benefits of proposed solutions to challenges in the TVET sector –for example, the potential negative and positive implications of new technology on skills and jobs in the future.
  • Collection of further good practice examples showing how countries, regions and citieshave used TVET to improve local economic and social outcomes.
  • Exploration of the potential for, as well as challenges inherent in, adapting and transferring good practices across countries in the region, especially from the wealthiest to the poorest CLMV (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam, or CLMV) countries
  • Further analysis of TVET institutional arrangements within the ASEAN region to identify system design and funding policy principles to improve the quality and access of local programmes
  • A mapping of donor activities in the TVET sector, across and within countries in the region to understand the role of the NGO sector in expanding TVET quality


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