Boosting gender equality in science and technology
A challenge for TVET programmes and careers
UNESCO-UNEVOC (November, 2020) - While technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has the potential to bolster the participation of women in the labour market, this potential is not always well understood and capitalized on. In general, female students are lowly represented in TVET compared to general programmes, and in particular girls and women tend to be under-represented in the fields that require science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) skills and knowledge.
In addition to being required for ‘traditional’ and ‘emerging’ occupations, STEM skills and knowledge are often needed for the so-called ‘jobs of the future’, driving innovation, inclusive growth and sustainable development.
This report examines the key issues concerning girls and women’s participation and achievement in STEM-related TVET programmes and their transition STEM related careers.